Wet cleaning, also sometimes referred to as green cleaning, is a method in garment cleaning using water, biodegradable soaps, and conditioners, as well as various pressing and re-shaping equipment.
According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), wet cleaning is the safest method of garment cleaning, as it does not use hazardous chemicals or produce harmful waste. The process of wet cleaning is 100% eco-friendly as it does not create any air pollution, and reduces the potential of water and soil contamination.
Wet cleaning is significantly different from dry cleaning in that it does not use hazardous chemicals, nor does it produce harmful waste. Tetrachloroethylene, commonly referred to as “Perc” or “dry cleaning fluid,” is the key ingredient that is used with dry cleaning garments. This chemical is carcinogenic to humans, and is known to produce soil contamination and air pollution. Waste produced by dry cleaning must be properly discarded, as it can pose a health risk to human and animal life.
Contrastingly, wet cleaning uses only water and organic biodegradable detergents. It is 100% eco-friendly as it does not use any harsh chemicals. Garments are more likely to be allergen free and cause minimal skin irritation. Studies have shown wet cleaning to clean fabrics just as well as, if not better than, dry cleaning. In addition, many fabrics that are labeled ‘Dry Clean Only’ can be wet cleaned without difficulty and actually come out cleaner and fresher.